Can Jews Eat Meat for Breakfast?

Goldbergs-reuben-smallMany people living in Eretz Yisrael, when making a bris, will make certain that the bris seudah is fleishig (includes meat). Even though the very thought about this to numerous American expatriates, to whom a bris means bagels, is as international as consuming burritos for the Shabbos Seudah, right here in Israel, it’s almost de riguer. Not just that, it’s actually much cheaper making a full fleishig bris seudah than to make a milk-like bagel and lox one, due to the legislation of supply and need.

The concern is: “Why would certainly this be so? Simple economics need to confirm the other. Also, just what’s incorrect with bagels and lox? Eating fleishig at a bris is downright un-American!!”.

The answer is actually really intriguing, yet to properly understand it we need to find out some halachos of the 9 days. The Shulchan Aruch1 specifies that during the week where Tisha B’Av befalls (shavua shechal bo), the minhag is to avoid eating any type of type of meat. This is the viewpoint of the Shulchan Aruch, and basic Sefardi minhag afters. The Rema2, however, keeps that all the prohibitions start from Rosh Chodosh Av, and Ashkenazi custom afters this, hence the name “The 9 Days– from Rosh Chodesh Av until after the fast of Tisha B’av”. This suggests that Ashkenazi custom is to abstain from eating meat items throughout the whole 9 day period.

Nevertheless, there are numerous exemptions to this restriction: Shabbos is not included, as the mitzvah of Oneg Shabbos bypasses this restriction. Also, Seudas Mitzvah, even throughout the week, will additionally take priority over it, and meat may be served. This is where it can get fascinating. The examples of a Seudas Mitzvah detailed by the Rema consists of a party on ending a Tractate of Talmud, a Pidyon HaBen, a betrothal seudah, and also … a bris milah!

This means that the seudah at a bris milah is thought about a seudas mitzvah, and also is of such significance that those commemorating could even consume meat, and not just throughout the 9 days, yet also on the real week of Tisha B’Av !! This reveals that the correct minhag is to consume fleishig at a bris seuda, because of its significance and standing as a seudas mitzvah! If a standard bris has such high quality, why ought to one wait till the 9 Days to make a fleishig bris?!

Accordingly, from a halachic point of view, the Bagel n’ Lox Deluxe at a bris simply does not have the very same appeal!

Remembering the Dead

Lighting a memorial candle for departed loved

070426-N-4965F-003 PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii (April 26, 2007) - Six memorial candles are lit during a Holocaust Remembrance Day ceremony at Sharkey Theater on board Naval Station Pearl Harbor. The six candles were lit during the opening remarks of the remembrance observation to commemorate the lives of more than 6 million Jews that were lost during the Holocaust. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class James E. Foehl (RELEASED)

ones on the Hebrew anniversary of their deaths is a very popular tradition in the Jewish community.  The way we do it may be missing the point entirely, though.

The Rosh, Rabbeinu Asher, explained in the fourteenth century that it is a good thing to donate oil lamps and candles to the local synagogue for them to use on Yom Kippur as a way to atone for one’s parents.  A collection of halachid rulings, called the Kolbo, states that you should light a candle on their death anniversary because it makes you pray and study the Torah for longer which, in turn, brings merit to you ancestors.

Benzion Uziel, the former Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel, says that that is the whole point of the yahrzeit candles. Rabbi Ovadia Yosef wrote that in this day and time, you can fulfill the same purpose by giving money towards the shul’s electric bill instead of donating oil lamps and candles.  This is because the goal of the yahrzeit candles is to help spread spiritual light so the power isn’t within the candles themselves but what they represent.

Chanucat Habayit

images (4)There is a Jewish way to mark moving right into a new home, called a chanucat habayit celebration. Moving into a new home is a large task and completing it deserves celebration.  You have done lots of work to prepare your new home from looking at plans, designing the floor plan, choosing your roof, to signing off on the work.  It is no small feat.

Chanucat habayit, essentially devoting the house, is about saying thanks to God for reaching the turning point of a new residence and setting the specification wherefore sort of house you want to have. With those thoughts, the last Lubavitcher Rebbe, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, educated that religious publications and a tzedakah (charity) box ought to be the very first things to bring into a new house.

The idea of a chanukat habayit is based upon the conclusion of the First Holy place, where King Solomon led the country in petitions (I Kings 8). Today, we invite pals, eat, talk Torah and offer tzedakah, setting up the values you desire in your brand-new home. The peak is repairing the mezuzah, which calls for a true blessing. Some people additionally claim the true blessing shehechiyanu, giving thanks to God for reaching this moment.

A chanukat habayit in Israel handles even higher value as it meets the mitzvah of clearing up in the Land.

Should You Sleep in Your Succah?

sukkot_sleep1Do you sleep in your succah during Succot as a representation of the Israelite’s sleeping in tents as they escaped Egypt?  A simple study will be enough to show that a lot of Jews outside Israel do not sleep in the succah during Succot, even if they have one. (In Israel a lot of people do.).

This has actually been a puzzle for the poskim (halachic decision-makers) for centuries. According to the authoritative sources, the mitzvah to sleep the succah is more powerful than that of eating there.

While we might have a treat outside the succah, according to the Talmud as well as halachic resources, one must not sleep other than in the succah (Talmud Succot 28b).

The Rama suggested two factors in support of Jews of his time and place (16th-century Poland) that also didn’t sleep in their succah; it was very cold out (surprise!) and they could possibly not copulate with their wives in the succah as they did not have personal privacy.

Others have actually explained the potential risk – my friend’s family made their succah in their driveway in Brooklyn throughout the crack epidemic in the 1980s; no right-minded individual would have slept there. These are all genuine reasons, yet they recommend that brave souls who have adequate coverings and could safely and privately sleep in their succahs should do so.

When Should You Build a Succah

There is a mitzvah, or commandment, to sit in the succahsukkah2 (small hut) representing the Israelite’s living in booths. Does there also exist a mitzvah to build one? Well, if you do not build it, just how could you rest in it, you may ask. Could you merely visit a hotel for Succot, or have the gardener, the home builder or the odd-job guy create your succah for you?

There were excellent rabbis, including Rashi, who said that constructing the succah is an extra mitzvah, but today we tend to follow the thought process that building the structure is preparation for the mitzvah (hechsher mitzvah) yet not one in itself.

However, many others state you ought to take some part in the building on your own and start your succah right after Yom Kippur to go from “strength to strength”.

If you’re too exhausted after fasting through Yom Kippur to get up a stepladder, begin planning your succah early or begin learning more about how you can construct it so you will be able to move straight from the high of Yom Kippur to the next spiritual activity.

The Jewish Vort

When a couple makes a decision to marry, Jewish-Wedding-Photograph-41they reveal the event with an engagement celebration. In Yiddish this occasion is called a vort, which implies a “word.” At the vort the man and woman traditionally give their “word” and formally dedicate themselves to marry.

There is a tradition to damage a ceramic plate at the vort. This symbolizes the seriousness of their dedication to every other person: Equally as breaking the plate is final, so as well the involvement is final and not effortlessly cancelled.

Damaging the plate likewise tempers the intense joy of the occasion, much like the glass which is broken under the chupah. It reminds us that the Temple is not yet reconstructed.

Usually, the couple’s moms are the ones that break the ceramic plate. They hold the plate together and drop it onto a tough surface. It is very important to wrap the plate well to guarantee that nobody gets hurt from the damaged items. One time I attended a vort where a flying piece from a not well-wrapped plate went into the leg of one of the mothers.

There are some that have a custom of making a necklace for the bride from the pieces of the broken plate.  Others offer the busted pieces to qualified single folks at the vort as if saying “may a plate soon be broken for you.” Still others will break the plate at the wedding event just before the chuppa.


Your wedding day is here.  ACC KetubahBetween the offering of the ring, and singing the Seven Blessings, there is an instead a less accessible item of the wedding, reviewing the Ketubah. The Ketubah is spoken in Aramaic, which is incomprehensible these days other than to a talmudically learned group, yet could just as well be read in Hebrew or English translations.

The conventional Ketubah consists of the bridegroom’s responsibilities to the new bride, mainly of a monetary nature, his commitment to support her in a dignified manner and also the quantity that she will get in the event of his fatality or divorce. There is some argument whether the Ketubah is mandated by the Torah or whether it was a rabbinic innovation. Those that take the last perspective say that the reason was to make sure that divorce should not be fast, easy or senseless for the husband as he would certainly be liable to a considerable payment.

Although the amounts mandated in the typical Ketubah are not utilized today as the basis of separation settlements, it is still purposeful for the bridegroom to
publicly attest specific commitments to sustain his spouse at the wedding celebration.

The Controversy Of Translation (Part 2)

3Although both Jewish and Christian sources affirmed the incredible nature of the translation, they did so for very different factors. The very early Christians, whose official language was Greek, took on the Septuagint as their official Holy Bible content. For them it superseded the Hebrew Bible. Yet it varied in several places from the Hebrew. The Christians asserted that the Hebrew Scriptures had been intentionally damaged, to conceal evidences of Christianity. To the Christians, the miracle was that the Jewish translators, despite being not able to collaborate, might not falsify the content.

For the Jews, the miracle was that each translator individually and identically cleared up passages which were possibly unclear or misleading. The Talmud provides instances. In the very first phase the knowledgeable “Let us make man in our image” could suggest that other powers were involved in the development of male. The Talmud informs us that the translators all created the much more straightforward, “I shall make man in an image”.  Similarly, in the account of the Tower of Babel, “We will go down and confuse their speech” became “I will go down…”.

As the church became more identified in its protection of the Septuagint, the Jews turned further from it. They made various other Greek translations. Meanwhile the other books of the Hebrew Bible had been equated and also added to the Septuagint. This aggravated the debates.

Of all the distinctions in between the Greek and Hebrew Holy Bibles, one specifically has reverberated throughout record. It is the translation of the word almah in Isaiah 7,14. When reviewed in Hebrew, Isaiah is prophesying that an almah, a girl, will certainly bring to life an exemplary king. Yet the Septuagint translated almah as the Greek parthenos, which could mean virgin. The Septuagint, written long before Christianity, indicated that a virgin would give birth.

Contemporary Christian scholars recognize that parthenos, in the feeling of virgin, is an imprecise translation of almah. The Catholic, Jerusalem Bible, provides the knowledgeable as “a maiden will give birth” as well as the Protestant, New English Scriptures speaks of a “young woman”.

Not every Christian scholar concurs; in 1952 an American Baptist pastor openly burnt a Bible which had translated almah as “girl”. Yet despite such periodic outbursts, after two centuries throughout which the Church sought to distance the Septuagint from its Hebrew original, some kind of rapprochement appears to be happening.

The Septuagint conflict shows exactly what can happen when confidences contest the authenticity of a spiritual content. Yet the Septuagint was merely the beginning of numerous disputes; in middle ages times, Scriptures translators were even killed. It could be the foundation of religion yet the equated Scriptures has a lengthy and also disputatious history.

The Controversy Of Translation (Part 1)

The very first translation of the Torah was, images (3)according to one early rabbinic opinion, an event as unfortunate as the production of the golden calf. Another resource stated that darkness surrounded the planet for 3 days. These might be extreme sights. But there is no question that the first Holy Bible translation was highly controversial.

In the Second century BCE Aristeas, an Alexandrian Jew, composed a letter to his brother. He described the construction of the terrific collection in Alexandria, where every publication ever before created was to be equated right into Greek. Based on Aristeas, only one content puzzled the translators. It was the Hebrew Torah.

It’s an unlikely case. There was a large Jewish diaspora in Alexandria, almost certainly containing some Hebrew speakers. Investors and vendors crossed between Egypt and Israel constantly, Hebrew would not be unidentified to them. Yet Aristeas recommends that no one in Alexandria could possibly translate it.

Aristeas, who lived a century after the events he is defining, wrote himself into the story. He claims to have actually motivated King Ptolemy to free 100,000 Jewish servants and also to tell Eleazar, the High Priest in Jerusalem, of his magnanimous act. In return Ptolemy must ask Eleazar to send Hebrew scholars to Alexandria, to equate the Torah into Greek.

King Ptolemy took Aristeas’s suggestions and also sent him to Jerusalem, where he persuaded the High Priest to dispatch a delegation of 72 scholars. Seventy-two days after their arrival in Alexandria, the scholars proudly provided a copy of their work, a translation of the Torah into Greek.

Later writers replicated Aristeas’s tale. Each time they did so, the story ended up being a lot more remarkable. In the variation ascribed by Philo, the Jewish theorist that resided in Alexandria from about 25 BCE to 50 CE, instead of the translators working together, they each created their very own duplicate. Yet each copy equaled. In Philo’s story a small wonder appears to have actually occurred. This wonder would come to be a lot more noticeable as the legend established over the coming centuries.

By the second century CE, in both Jewish and Christian sources, the translators were no longer merely generating the same Greek versions of the Pentateuch. They were doing so despite being locked into separate cells, incapable to interact with each other. They were currently 70 translators and the job had actually become called the Septuagint; the Latin word for 70.

What is Judaism?

Judaism is the faith of the Jews. There are an estimated 14 million followers of the Jewish religious beliefs all over the world. A lot of the world’s Jews are concentrated in 3 countries: the USA (six million), Israel (3.7 million), and also the Soviet Union (2.5 million). Other nations with considerable Jewish populaces are France (650 thousand), Great Britain (400 thousand), Canada (300 thousand), Argentina (300 thousand), and also Brazil (150 thousand).

Judaism was the very first religious beliefs based on monotheism, the belief in one God. All the major Western faiths located their roots in Judaism.

A main tenet of Judaism is that God, the Creator of the World, made a special arrangement called a covenant (berit in Hebrew) with Abraham, from whom the Jewish individuals descended. The covenant gave that the Jews would certainly be blessed with God’s love and defense if they held to God’s legislation and faithfully worshiped Him, and be responsible for transgressions and disobedience that went against God and His laws. The Jewish Individuals have actually often been referred to throughout history as the “Chosen People” as a result of the idea that the Jews were distinguished amongst all the old peoples to receive God’s laws as well as His true blessings. According to Judaism, the Jews were decided to be His servents although God is the universal Creator of all humanity.

Jews typically do not encourage converts, although converts are approved after they show expertise regarding the confidence and their sincerity in approving its regulations.

The tenets of Judaism consist of an idea in a coming Messiah (stemmed from the Hebrew, significance, “the anointed one”) that will join the Jewish people and lead them under a Kingdom of God on earth as well as bring peace and also justice to all humanity.

While Judaism identifies an “afterlife,” it is mainly a “this world” faith. The Developer in Judaistic theology is all-knowing and also does not have a corporal form.

Judaism is typically decentralized. There is no comparable to a Pope or various other central, international decision-making authority who figures out religious conviction or method. Each Jewish congregation is accountable for its very own events and is normally, yet not constantly, led by a spiritual leader called a rabbi. Several rabbis are trained in a seminary or a university developed for the purpose of advancing spiritual scholarship and teaching. Each of the major teams of Judaism (Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, and also Reconstructionist) has its own organization in the United States for training rabbis, and each sect, and also for that issue, each churchgoers, maintains its own methods, traditions, and interpretations of Jewish regulation.

Jewish worship and research usually happens at a synagogue, and religious services frequently consist of prayer as well as readings from the Torah. The services held in a synagogue are traditionally led by a rabbi and assisted by a cantor, who leads the chanting and tunes which accompany the prayer.

Judaism typically emphasizes ethical conduct and the therapy of others “as one would desire to be treated themselves.” Therefore, the teaching which does exist via written and spoken Jewish law is consistently being reinterpreted to reply to contemporary advancements.

The major body of Jewish regulation is found in the Torah, ashk-torah1-604x270which includes the Five Publications of Moses (additionally known as the Pentateuch) and which develops the initial component of the Old Law. This law has actually been supplemented by oral regulation and analyses of the regulation which consist of the Talmud.

There are 613 commandments consisted of in the Torah, which additionally consists of the “10 Commandments.” These 613 rules regulate Jewish regulation covering such locations as philanthropy, sacrifices, petition, routine purity, dietary regulations, and observances of the Sabbath and other divine days. The Jewish tract of regulation, additionally described as Halacha, consists of a civil and also criminal justice tract which is followed by observant Jews. Halacha manages Jewish life, such as marital relationship and also separation, funeral, connections with non-Jews as well as education and learning.

As is true with followers of all religious beliefs, the degree to which individual Jews observe Jewish laws as well as practices varies.